fci-logoFCI N° 215 / 11.05.1998 / France / Belgium

Classification F.C.I.

Group 9:
Bichon Frise. Lap dog. Companion dog.

The Bichon Frise is a small merry, agile and playful dog, with an effortless trot. It has a muzzle of medium length. Its double coat made up of a soft dense undercoat and a coarser curly topcoat, which when stroking springs. Coat colours are usually white. It holds its head high and proud. Its eyes are dark round, lively and expressive. The ears of bison are small and hanging

Head:
The dog’s head is rather flat to the touch, although the furnishings make it appear round. The head is longer than the muzzle; it is harmonious with the body.
The transition from forehead to muzzle:
The transition from forehead to muzzle the dog is not very distinct.
Nose:
The nose of the dog is rounded, black and shiny.
Muzzle:
The muzzle should not be thick and heavy and it is not pointy. The notch between the superciliary arches is slightly visible.
Lips:
The lips are rather thin. They are never heavy and flabby. Usually they are black to the corner of mouth. The lower lip must not be heavy nor visible or weak, and does not allow the mucosa to be visible when the mouth is closed.
Jaws/teeth:
The bite is normal, scissor.
Cheeks:
The cheeks are flat and not very muscular.
Eyes:
The eyes are dark, as much as possible with dark eyelids, not showing any white, rather round shape and not almond shaped, sparkling, not large, not placed obliquely. They are neither large nor bulging, as in the Griffon Bruxellois dog and the Pekingese; the eye-socket must not bulge. The eyeball should not stand out too much.
Ears:
The ears are hanging down, well framed by a thin, curly long hair. They are rather forward when the dog is at attention, but in such a way that their front edge touches the cheekbones, and not turn aside obliquely. The length of the cartilage must not extend to the nose, like a poodle, and stop halfway the length of the muzzle. The ears are not thinner than a poodle and not wide.
Neck:
The neck is not long that the dog holds high and proudly. It is round and fine near the skull, is expanding gradually and smoothly merges with a shrug. Neck length is about one third of the body (proportions: 11 cm to 33 centimetres for dogs that have a height 27 cm. For a basis, take the points of the shoulder blades against the withers).
Hip:
The hip is broad, well-muscled, slightly curved.
Croup:
The croup is slightly round.
Chest:
The chest is well developed. The sternum is pronounced; the false ribs rounded and do not end abruptly. The chest horizontally has rather a greater depth.
Sides:
The sides are trim in the abdomen. The skin is thin and not loose almost like a hound breeds.
Tail:
The tail is slightly below the back line than in the poodle. Usually a dog with a raised tail and gracefully curved in one line with the spine, not twisted. The tail is natural (not docked or cropped). It must not touch the back; the edging tail can fall on the back.
The forequarters:
The forelegs are straight and perpendicular when viewed from the front; fine bone.
Shoulder:
The shoulder is oblique, not protruding, looks like the same length as the arm, about 10 cm
Upper arm:
The upper arm is not projecting in the direction away from the body.
Knee:
The knee is not turned out.
Metacarpus:
The metacarpus is short and straight when viewed from the front and slightly sloping when viewed in profile.
Hindquarters:
The pelvis is wide.
Hips:
The hips are wide and muscular, well splay.
Hough:
The connection to the hocks is with large angles, if to compare with the poodle.
Feet:
The feet are muscular. The Nails are preferably black; however, the ideal difficult to obtain.
Skin:
The pigmentation under white coat is preferably dark; the genitals pigmented black, blue or beige.
Hair:
It is thin, silky, very loose curls in the form of corkscrew, looks like wool of Mongolian goat, neither flat nor wire, a length of 7 - 10 cm.
Grooming:
the dog may seem slightly tidied up the feet and muzzle.
Colour:
Colour is pure white.
Size:
Height at the withers should not exceed 30 cm; the small size is an element of success.

Any departure from the foregoing points considered as a drawback. The seriousness of the defect appreciates in exact proportion to its degree.

  • These are light overshot bite or undershot (the upper or lower jaw protrudes forward)
  • Coat flat, undulating like a wire (cord) or too short.
  • Pigmentation that covers the hair and forming rusty (red) patches.

Disqualifying shortcomings:

  • Pink nose.
  • Flesh coloured lips.
  • Pragmatism (overshot, undershot) that develops to the extent that the incisors do not touch each other.
  • Bright eyes.
  • Wrapped in a ring tail or twisted in a spiral.
  • Black spots on the coat.

Male dogs should have two normal eggs, fully descended into the scrotum.